Sunday, March 10, 2019
Why Did the Tsarist Regime Collapse in 1917
Why did the tzarist regimen break-dance in 1917? By the beginning of 1917, tsarism was rotting from within. (1) Romanovs had ru lead Russia since 1613 just pot were miserable and the czarist regime was due to collapse for and it was inevitable that it would happen soon, it lastly did under czar Nicholas II in 1917. There were many an(prenominal) factors as to wherefore the tzarist regime collapsed several(prenominal) of the most important were tsars personality, political opposition , tikes and manoeuvreers and The World War I. One of the factors that fit the czarist regime to collapse was czars personality.Nicholas II was coronated in 1894 plainly he wasnt ready to be a tsar beca routine just in 1881 he witnessed his granddads, Alexander IIs assassination when his carriage was blown up. Nicholas was not a crocked character and he didnt necessitate to be a tsar but he was religious and both he and his wife Alexandra believed they were chosen by beau ideal and co uldnt challenge his decision. He had intelligence faith and courage but he was ignorant just about governmental matters. Nicky had been trained as a soldier. He had not been taught statesmanship and as not a statesman. (2) to a fault he was to a greater extent of a family man rather than a normal and was a devoted husband and father who looked good in the eyeball of his community but he didnt in truth bother about what happened to Russia and didnt really do what he was meant to do rule the expanse, which wounded him significantly. Although he was a good father he was unhappy as his only son Alexis suffered from haemophilia and it was kindredly to die young which again out the Tsar away(p) from feeling the country. He was ignorant and refused to allot force out. He mistrusted most of his ministers and tho was incapable of carrying out the task of ruling the vast Russian empire alone. (7) At startle peasants were sure to him and believed hed carry on what his grandda d did, free servants, relax censorship of the press, improve conditions of the army, change education and bring in Zemstva locally take councils, however he do the government weaker, he was almost the occult Tsar as he never travelled so his race didnt k right off him and he couldnt see what was best for them.People were execrable, the intercourse and travel were awful as Russia was such a massive country, in that respect were all sorts of nationalities and religions in the country so hoi polloi couldnt go past tumesce, the society was backward as on that point were too many workers and peasants (82% of population) and they were suffering and had no laws, the nobles had everything. As the tsar didnt travel he couldnt stop any revolutions and so he wounded himself. People began to interrogative him and his ability to rule Russia they were unhappy and started to plot on how to overthrow him. The establish ruler has lost absolutely the affection of Russian battalion, a nd whatever the future tense may have in store for the dynasty, the present Tsar give never again be safe in the midst of his mickle. (9) This showed mass he was tutorshipless and weakened him. Another factor that lead the tsarist regime to collapse was the political opposition. The key question is this-is the peaceful redevelopment of the country possible? Or is it possible only by immanent revolution? (6) There were many citizenry who valued the Tsar to collapse.Some like Octobrists or Kadets were more peaceful. Kadets were middle-class liberals who precious elected parliament. They had the defy of well educated wealthy people in towns, but that wasnt liberal people and they didnt attract peasants and workers which was bad as they were the majority. The brotherly Revolutionaries and Social Democrats wanted revolution. some(prenominal) groups were prepared to work with the liberals, providing the latter continued to resist the tsarist regime towards greater democracy and parliamentary power. (5) Social Revolutionaries were support be peasants and they wanted to give peasants land to make their life fracture and make them happy, however because of the size of the country and ignorance of the peasants, the revolution was impossible. They were divided in aims and methods as some wanted to share land and some wanted communism and eventually their revolution didnt happen. Lenin and Trotsky were in the Social Democrats they were support by mill workers and followed communist teachings.They wanted to overthrow the government, however they were as well as divided Mensheviks wanted to get a big group of people including the middle class but Bolsheviks wanted small amount of people who would organise strikes and demonstrations. We Bolsheviks will not shirk the task. (1) This showed the people that if so many people wanted change then surely there is something violate with the Tsars ruling. The 1905 revolutions was the perfect opportunity for oppositi on to show the Tsar how many people needed change and to show people the Tsar was not fit to rule.The spark that started it off was the Bloody Sun daytime it was a peaceful beseech from Father Gapon to ask for change but the Tsar got troops to attack the 200,000 workers who marched to him to ask for help, but the Tsar didnt care he feared for his life, maybe he knew he was a bad Tsar and thought that people were coming to assassinate him like his grandfather. This got people to hypothesise whether the Tsar actually care about his people.The economic problems also led to the revolution, the government borrowed money, the violence from troops continued, the taxes for poorest went up, the working and living conditions were terrible and people were angry. The Russo-Japanese war meant prices went up and shops lacked food and goods, industries closed leaving people discharged and hungry and even though Tsar thought war was a good idea he became less popular as people thought he was inc apable to rule and Russia got defeated and humiliated which was yet other one of Tsars mistakes. There were riots and disorders in the streets, and I judge its the best description of a revolution people were smashing up shops, looting bread shops women particularly. (1) Everyone detest the Tsar which weakened the Tsarist regime as people knew the Tsar wasnt fit to rule them. The conterminous factors that lead the Tsarist regime to collapse were the peasants and workers. At first the people saw Tsar as a father figure as that was what the Orthodox Church taught and people were very religious and they blamed landlords and factory owners.People believed Russia will change under Nicholas, when he was crowned The crowds have been make up for two days. (1) However this quickly began to change and peasants and workers suck upd that the Tsar didnt care about them but they had hope. The workers, worked over 12 hours, they were poor, and they had solid work and had no privacy. Factori es were open 24/7 and 30 people had to be cramped into a one little room and worked for minimum wages.Whole families including children were working just so they could buy something to eat and improve their lives. Both workers and peasants ate cheap, awful food and their life expectancy was less than 40 years. The peasants didnt have enough land some of them were taken to work in factories as 4/5 people at that m were peasants. This angered them and they started to blame the Tsar directly. They receive terrible wages and chiefly live in overcrowded conditions but manufactures have received permission to use overtime. (3) People were so fed up they increasingly formed protests. (4) Which was really bad for the Tsar, as peasants and workers formed protests everyone would soon find out and yoke them. There were so many of the workers that when Father Gapon made a petition Do not refuse to help your people. Destroy the wall mingled with yourself and your people. (12), it wasnt har d to get 200,000 people to march to Tsar with him but the Tsar was already threatened and killed most of them, The soldiers fired all day long. (8) However peasants didnt give up on wanting their snatch of land and so when after 1905 revolution they were promised it as the Tsar promised it to them, they halt all protests and were overwhelmed but a year later the Tsar took it away from them, which was a massive mistake as he proved that he didnt care about his people at all and was another reason to get rid of him. Russian people were angry and wanted to get rid of the Tsar. Instead of destroying the wall Nicholas II made it large and this weakened his regime.The last factor that lead the Tsarist regime to collapse was the World War I. Russia suffered from shortage of food due to bad harvests, poor transport and loosing rich farmland to Germans, people were starving and were unhappy The combine of a population explosion, backward farming techniques and poor policy qualification had made for a grave crisis(5) but the Tsar decided to exit Russia went to be the commander-in-chief of the war. His decisions showed him to be hopelessly out of touch. (1) Russia had no good ransacks and soldiers had to storage area for someone in front of them to die so they could take their rifle and participate in the war. If we should have three days of serious fighting, we energy run out of ammunition altogether. (10) The support of the army ebbed away and the Tsar could no longer blame the defeats on his subordinated and had to take the responsibility himself, the soldiers now blamed him directly for their misery.The peasants who made up most of the army and had the double of the wise and caring Tsar further shattered. As the Tsar left, he left Tsarina in charge of Russia, Alexandra refused to take any advice from loyal middle-class Alexandra was the dominant personality in the relationship (7) and she refused to share power like the Tsar, and so she was blamed for every thing that went wrong. The patriotic people became frustrated at Tsarinas incompetence they were convinced someone else would be better.People hated everything German, they even changed the name St. Petersburg to Petrograd as it sounded too German, but Tsarina was German, which made her more unpopular. There were rumours that she was sabotaging Russia and was a German spy so that Germany could go on the war. Rasputin was believed to be a holy man as he vulcanized Alexis and so he had a lot of influence over Tsarina, there were a lot of scandals surrounding them which made Tsarina even more unpopular. People believed they had an affair and there were rumours that they were German agents. Alexandra made decisions based on whims or messages from God, mediated by Rasputin. (1) People believed he was leading the country to its doom. Russians were angry as Rasputin was just a peasant and he helped to rule the country and they didnt understand why such person should be allowed to do that . Some were also wondering why the Tsar allowed Rasputin to be so close with the royal family I did realise that the man possessed great hypnotic power. (11) Finally in declination 1916, Rasputin got murdered by a group of jealous nobles Rasputin was dead ur patrol wagon filled with hope (1) but it was too late to restore the paper of the royal family in the eyes of Russian people and so this weakened and lead to the destruction of Tsarist regime. In conclusion I think that the most important weakness was Tsars personality as, he didnt want to be a Tsar in the first place, he was ignorant and if he tried to listen to his ministers he wouldnt have made as many mistakes as the Russo-Japanese war or the Bloody Sunday so in effect the 1905 revolution.The peasants and workers didnt want much so only if he improved their wages and gave them some land and continue what his granddad Alexander II had done, he wouldve had their support and avoid weakening himself. If he was travelling arou nd and was liked by his people, political opposition wouldnt form and so there would be peace in Russia and he wouldve been a strong Tsar. If he didnt care only about himself and his family, the Tsarist regime would have been strong and Russian people would have been satisfied and the Tsarist regime would continue.