Friday, February 15, 2019
Soviet Industrialization :: essays research papers fc
When one disembodied spirits at the invoice of the USSR, one of the most important aspects to look at is the massive industrialization that took place under the Soviet regimen. This industrialization, like so many different things, is a complicated issue, with many arguments circling around it. The process was marked some(prenominal) by tremendous progress and expansion, as well as everlasting(a) inefficiency and waste.To better understand the Soviet industrialization, it is incumbent for us to briefly look at the history that preceded it. When the Bolsheviks came to power, they inherited a plain with economic conditions that were further from favorable. It was a country devastated by World War I as well as the civil war that followed it. For all intents and purposes, one passel say that the economy of the country was in ruins, and drastic steps were undeniable in order to feed the hungry population, and for the country to survive.To answer this problem, a New Economic P olicy (NEP) was implemented. In essence, this policy went away from commie ideology to a large degree. It allowed farmers to go out and sell what they permit produced, and brought in many elements of the free market. At the same time, the Soviet regime restored the industry which existed but was devastated by war.To a large degree, this policy was successful. By 1920s, the USSR managed to reach industrial production levels of roughly 1913. (Suny 233) Furthermore, the population was no chronic starving, and living conditions improved throughout the country. However, NEP also brought in several problems. wizard of them, in the eyes of the Soviet leadership, was that it naturally brought polarization into society, producing some large and some poor peasants, whereas ideologically there were supposed to be no classes in the new society (Suny 171) A more serious problem, however, was the particular that rapid industrial advance was incompatible with NEP. It was necessary to shift co untrys resources from agriculture towards the production of heavy industry. Instead of producing consumption goods, it was necessary to produce capital goods. (Suny 234)The peasants, however, had little incentive to sell their product, since there were some things of use that they could get in return (since the economy concentrated on production of capital goods instead of consumption goods). This, naturally, brought tension between the urban center which had to be fed, and the peasants who would not give up or sell their product, unless compelled to do so by the state.