Tuesday, March 5, 2019
Why Did the Gallipoli Campaign Fail?
The endeavour ended in failure for several reasons. It was not the fault of the soldiers, plainly the men who where commanding them. For once there was a break down in the mouth in our system. In brief, the campaign was a failure. It was a failure as we did not successfully push through the Turkish lines to Istanbul, and then on to attack the Germans on another front to help the Russians who were suffering strong causualties at the time. So, heres why we retreated * Second thoughts in Parliament price the casualties Supply lines were not working. Men did not get enough gormandise * No one knew how to do an amphibious assault we just rowed to prop * Lack of Leadership General in charge changed, forces were not allowed to do anything without orders. When an order was given it would have to be carried out to the letter as it was from the British officers. No matter what. The orders were sometimes days old. * The Generals also had precisely any knowledge of Turk tactics and the l ike.Their knowledge was very limited, consisting of things like a 1912 manual of Turk tactics, a tourist guidebook and an outdated map. * No superfluous phalanx allowed parliamentay decision * Royal Navy withdraws No pressure on Turk capital, army artillery support gone * Turks had the gritty ground (really high ground) * No one prepared for modern warfare just ran against a machine gun, men shooting with bolt action rifles and pistols * Terrain very difficult Naval mine-sweeps were poor. * A months delay between the attacks in March and those in April it gace the Turkish/Ottoman troops plenty of time to prepare and fortify. Kitchener depended on the element of surprise, but because of this he only gained Tactical surprise when and where he would strike, not if he would strike. Also, throw in the low morale of the troops due to the above factors, and also due to diseases such as dysentery and malaria