Friday, March 22, 2019
ritalin Essay -- essays research papers
P bents throughout the country are being pressured and compelled by schools to put psychiatric drugs to their children. Teachers, school psychologists, and administrators commonly make dire threats almost their inability to teach children without medicating them. They sometimes suggest that only medication can round of drinks off a bleak future of delinquency and occupational failure. They hitherto call child protective services to investigate parents for child default and they sometimes testify against parents in court. Often the schools recommend particular physicians who elevate the enjoyment of stimulant drugs to st group A down behavior. These stimulant drugs include methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, and Metadate) or forms of amphetamine (Dexedrine and Adderall).My purpose today is to provide to this class the scientific infrastructure for rejecting the use of stimulants for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or for the control of behavior in the classroom or home. I. Escalating Rates of Stimulant ethical drug Stimulant drugs, including methylphenidate and amphetamine, were first approved for the control of behavior in children during the mid-1950s. Since then, there have been periodic attempts to promote their usage, and periodic public reactions against the practice. In fact, the first Congressional hearings critical of stimulant medication were held in the archaeozoic 1970s when an estimated 100,000-200,000 children were receiving these drugs. Since the early 1990s, North America has turned to psychoactive drugs in unprecedented numbers for the control of children. In November 1999, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) warned about a record six-fold increase in Ritalin production amidst 1990 and 1995. In 1995, the global Narcotics Control Board (INCB), a agency of the arena Health Organization, deplored that 10 to 12 percent of all boys between the ages 6 and 14 in the United States have been diagnosed as having ADD and are being treated with methylphenidate Ritalin. In March 1997, the board declared, "The healing(p) use of methylphenidate is now under scrutiny by the American medical community the INCB welcomes this." The United States uses approximately 90% of the worlds Ritalin. The number of children on these drugs has continued to escalate. A recent study in Virginia indicated that up to 20% of white... ...the treatment of children diagnosed with ADHD Part I Acute risks and psychological effects. estimable Human Sciences and Services, 1 13-33. Breggin, P. (1999c). Psychostimulants in the treatment of children diagnosed with ADHD Risks and mechanism of action. International diary of Risk and Safety in Medicine, 12, 3-35. By special arrangement, this brood was originally published in two parts by springer spaniel Publishing Company in Ethical Human Sciences and Services (Breggin 1999a&b). Breggin, P. (2000). Reclaiming our children A healing solution for a nati on in crisis. Cambridge, mamma Perseus Books. Lambert, N. (1998). Stimulant treatment as a risk factor for nicotine use and substance abuse. Program and Abstracts, pp. 191-8. NIH Consensus Development Conference Diagnosis and Treatment of fear Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. November 16-18, 1998. William H. Natcher Conference Center. National Institutes of Health. Bethesda, Maryland. Zito, J.M., Safer, D .J., dosReis, S., Gardner, J.F., Boles, J., and Lynch, F. (2000). Trends in the prescribing of psychotropic medications to preschoolers. Journal of the American Medical Association, 283, 1025-1030.