Sunday, March 3, 2019
Political socialization and how women define politics and power Essay
There argon various types of political socialisation, and these have various effects on political participation. The traditional sex division culture involves the integration of traditional roles performed by manpower and women into the political scene. This form of socializing has the effect of exclusion of women in political participation and dominance of political sympathies by men. This effect has been in existence for a long clipping like for instance, until 1975, exclusion of women from jury duty could be granted on ground of interference with domestic chores.According to lawless and Fox (8-11), other type of political socialization involves the masculinized ethos, and this is the type of political socialization which relies on political institutions during campaigns. Since most of the institutions are dominated by men, then an ethos of masculinity is developed. This form of socialization is reinforced by the wish of legislature which advocates for inclusion body o f female participation in policy agendas. This form of socialization in like manner serves to alienate women from directs of power and political participation.The gendered psyche is a form of socialization which ensures male domination of the political activities through infusing a culture which relegates women to the outer boundary in political participation. Women are made to feel valued, protected and secure, which makes it be viewed as normal for men to engage in politics moreover not reasonable for women to engage in it. This is a situation which is seen in the corporate scene. A large number of women normally downplay achievements in business, which makes them qualify for much lower salaries compared to men with similar or eventide lesser achievements.This form of socialization encourages political participation by men and discourages political participation by women. However, despite all these challenges, some women such(prenominal) as Latina women still manage to play ve ry important roles in politics (Cohen & Jones 224-230). Part B How women define politics. Latina women in Boston mommy play important roles in the political scene. They are involved in protest marches, community events, voter registration, election campaigns, workshops, community forums and social and political change.They play very crucial roles in the development of society and most of the women who were surveyed wanted to get involved in politics (Cohen & Jones 223-231). These women experience authentic stages of development which encourage them to join politics. These stages involve the questioning of conditions where they live and searching for solutions from other people and themselves. However, some women recognize the need for change and take over the opportunity to do what they believe in. Socialism, independence and statehood are the main motivators in joining politics for some women.Other women are motivated by problems which they experienced such as poor housing, scho ol dropout and AIDS in the community. There are also other women who believe that socialization in the family is a major determinant of joining politics. There are contrary stances of politics according to the Latina women, with some viewing it as involving giving support, and component others in fulfilling their obligation. This is an aspect of politics which is derived from the family social setting. It can be traced to the item that most Latinas from political supportive families, view sharing as the intent of working with other people.The Latina family traditions advocate for helping, giving or sharing and forms the al-Qaida of political activities. Women who are socialized according to this perspective aim at empowering the people in the community and sharing the resources which are available. Another perspective of politics according to the Latina women is escape from subjugation. Since many Latina women have faced oppression at one point in their lives, either from the s ystem, their husbands or fathers, they bring out with this cause and believe that politics is a solution from oppression.These above perspectives gaining control how most Latina women define politics. Part C How women define power. According to Lawless and Fox (1-5), most women do not have the confidence to stress positions of power despite having excellent credentials and qualifications. A survey was performed and targeted cardinal qualified career people who had high credentials, in a fun to find out their chances for browsening for a position of power. These people were Cheryl, Tricia, Randall and Kevin. Cheryl is an terminated lawyer with excellent credentials succession Tricia is a professor in Sociology in a large University.Randall is also a college professor while Kevin is a partner in a law firm. The survey revealed that different men who are ready to grab the positions of power, women did not even gestate running for the same positions. Cheryl and Tricia would not consider running for a position of power, while Randall and Kevin said they would grab the opportunity immediately. This is a situation which is replicated in the political scene. Women are not ready to run for public confidence irrespective of the fact that they are highly qualified.Since there are no obvious obstacles in campaigning for office for the female gender, it is clear that the lack of interest in running for power plays a major role in the dominance of political scene by men. However, there are people who are of the opinion that when men run for office, the vacant seating which emerge are occupied by women, and this ensures that they still have power. This whitethorn be true, but the fact is that women are not interested in running for political and power positions. According to (Cruz 424), if women do not film a strategy of helping one another, they will not postdate in politics.Further research should be carried out on the event to unmask the reasons behind this lack of interest. Works Cited. Cohen Cathy & Jones Kathy. (1997). Women transforming politics An alternative reader. brisk York New York University Press, p220-240. Cruz, Takash P. 1993. Breaking Barriers to Representation Chicana/Latina Elected Officials in California. Journal of urban Anthropology, p 420-430. Lawless, J. L. & Fox, R. L. (2005). It takes a candidate Why women dont run for office. New York Cambridge Press, p1-13.