Wednesday, February 1, 2017

Critical Evaluation of the Cognitive Theory of Stereotyping

Stereotyping is a form of pre judiciousness that is as prevalent in todays hunting lodge as it was 2000 years ago. It is a br opposite(a)ly attitude that has stood the test of time and received oft attention by tender psychologists and philosophers alike. Many approaches to, or theories of stereotyping cast thus been raised. This audition evaluates the cognitive approach that categorisation is an internal cognitive carry out that necessarily leads to stereotyping. Hamilton (1979) calls this a depressing dilemma.\n\nBrowns (1995) definition of stereotyping by prejudice is the holding of derogatory social attitudes or cognitive beliefs, the aspect of negative affect, or the video display of hostile or prejudiced behaviour towards members of a sort on account of their social station to that conclave. This definition implies that stereotyping is primarily a mathematical group process, through the individuals psyches inwardly that group. A further humor of stereotypin g, defined by Allport (1954) as thinking ill of others without warrant, is that people make their read/write head up without any personal experience. This pre judgement about a unanimous group is then transferred to the stigmatization of any individuals in that group. It is these ideas that the essay aims to evaluate, through the cognitive process of categorisation and the above definitions that hire about three plain device characteristics of stereotyping, that our cognition can be demonstrated through.\n\nThe first property of stereotyping is over-generalisation. A number of studies conducted bring that different combinations of traits were associated with groups of different cultural and national origin (Katz and Braly, 1933). However, stereotyping does not imply that all members of a group are judged in these ways, just that a common member of a group can be reason in such judgements, that they suffer the characteristics of the group. Still, when we talk of a group, we do so by imagining a member of that group.\n\nThe second feature and characteristic of stereotyping is the exaggeration of the balance between ones own group (the in-group) and the other group (the out-group). This can be traced back to the work of Tajfel during the 1950s - the emphasizing principle (Tajfel, 1981). Tajfels work was specifically on physical stimuli, and concluded that judgements on such stimuli are not made in isolation, only when in the context of other factors. Applied socially - a judgement about an out-group relies upon other factors surrounding the judgement in question, as...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website:

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