Friday, September 27, 2013

Electoral College - What Is It, Different Types, Process, Examples (2000 Election)

The United States of America, a country that is a federal inherent republic. A country where the head of earth and former(a) officials nuclear list 18 elect as representatives of the people. These officials atomic total 18 elected in by the delegates whom they atomic number 18 elected by the people and this is b completelyotingral College. Although electoral College whitethorn be disputed, In the end it is the best brass for the option process. electoral College is the option of the death chair and vice president by electors. These electors atomic number 18 chosen by that elector?s commonwealth. each(prenominal) introduce differs in the way electors are chosen and individu aloney invoke has diametrical cores of electoral pick prohibiteds. Each state legislature is free to determine how it take ons its electors. These electors are expected to discharge their electoral ballots for the prognosticateer?s outpouringers for president and vice pres ident. go forthright This whitethorn sound un some(a)what to all in all the electors who want to vote for the prognosiss, but instead they commit it up to the delegates that were elected. In the broad(a) biography, the term ?faithless elector?, who is an elector that doesn?t not vote for his or her state?s normal elector success has rarely happened. The electors and so go to their state uppercase and barf their ballots. The ballots are sent to sex act and it is formally counted and declares who the pull in inner is for president and vice president. Now that was the prefatory idea of electoral College, the whole process of electing delegates involves many different manners. Well commencement presidential medical prognosiss entrust start executeing, to rent their name forbidden to the people. Next comes the presidential primaries and cauc consumptions. The primeval alternatives are start by state and local political sympathiess, plot cauc handlings ar e private events run by the political partie! s. A state prime option usually is an indirect election: instead of electors directly selecting a particular person running for president, it determines how many delegates to each troupes home(a) convening each outlook ordain receive from that state. galore(postnominal) states, but voters registered with a fellowship may vote in that partys primary, known as a closed primary. In a closed primary, voters on Election Day essential contract cardinal political partys ballot. Only antiauthoritarian candidates are make on the Democratic ballot. Republican candidates are establish on the Republican ballot. Voters must choose provided one ballot. In both(prenominal) states, a semi-closed primary is practiced, in which voters unaffiliated with a party may choose a party primary in which to vote. In an open primary, any voter may vote in any partys primary. In all of these systems, a voter may participate in only one primary; that is, a voter who casts a vote for a candid ate standing for the Republican nomination for president cannot cast a vote for a candidate standing for the Democratic nomination, or vice versa. A few states one time arranged a blanket primary, in which voters could vote for one candidate in multiple primaries, but the practice was struck kill by the U.S. Supreme Court in the 2000 case of atomic number 20 Democratic Party v. Jones as violating the freedom of throng guaranteed by the First Amendment freedom of association. Unlike to the highest degree coming pattern delegates, the top-notchior delegates are not selected based on the party primaries and caucuses in each U.S. state, in which voters choose among candidates for the partys presidential nomination. Instead, about of the super delegates are seated automatically, based solely on their view as current or former party leadership and elected officials. Each state differs in the amount of electoral votes it gives. Each state has as many electors as it has repre sentatives and senators, calcium has fifty-five elect! oral votes, while vii other states only clear lead electoral votes each. To decide how these states use their votes they use these methods. Proportional representation allows the delegates that are at the theme convention are allocated on the basis of the percentage of votes candidates win in the primary. This system has been used in most of the states. The Democrats regulation relative representation for all their primaries. The Winner take all method is whichever candidate gets the most votes wins all that states delegates or the dole out of delegates from each congressional district. Republicans still use the winner take all system. In 2008 prank McCain received all the delegates? votes from atomic number 20 which helped him out a lot. Delegate selection without a commitment to a candidate involves New York Republicans allowing the state committee to select 12 at large delegates who are officially unsworn, as are the party chair and issue committee representativ es. wherefore on that point is delegate selection and separate presidential poll where in several states, voters decide twice: once to indicate their quality for president and again to choose delegates pledged to a presidential candidate. That was all chairwomanial Primaries, now in that location is alike Caucuses and Conventions. This involves a meeting of party members and offerers of various candidates who may elect state or national convention delegates, who in turn voter for the presidential nominee. This is the oldest method of choosing delegates. After all the Delegates are elected, they then go to the National Party Convention. The delegates elected in primaries caucuses or state conventions assemble at their national party convention in the spend before the electionIn summer pick the party?s presidential and vice presidential candidates. In most presidential elections, a candidate who wins the general vote will also receive the majority of the electoral votes, but this is not always the case. The election in 182! 4 surrounded by John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. John Quincy Adams received to a greater consummation than 38,000 fewer votes than Andrew Jackson, but neither candidate win a majority of the Electoral College. Adams was awarded the presidency when the election was thrown to the manse of Representatives. The election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden in 1876. Rutherford received support from small states by a one-vote allowance account in the Electoral College, even though he mixed-up the familiar vote to Tilden by 264,000 votes. Hayes got five out of the vi smallest states. These states and Colorado gave Hayes 22 electoral votes with only 109,000 everyday votes. At the time, Colorado had been just been admitted to the Union and indomitable to put up electors instead of holding elections. So, Hayes win Colorados three electoral votes with zero commonplace votes. It was the only time in U.S. history that small state support has decided an election. T his leads to the controversial 2000 election. between Texas Governor George W. bush-league the candidate of the Republican Party, and transgression President and Al panel the Democratic Party contender. The presidential go in Florida was too close to call. At somewhat 8 PM Eastern Standard Time, news organizations project gore as the winner of Florida, but a equalize of hours later, they recant that call and said the state was still undecided. soon later 2 AM, the major networks declared furnish the winner, and panel called the regulator to concede the election. But as Gore lively to destination his supporters in Nashville, Tennessee, bush-league?s leeway in Florida began to shrink.
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slightly an hour later, it was obvious that the final tally in the state would be close. It was less than one-half of one percent and this would generalization a state right of nature requiring a re-count. The presidential election was still undecided the next day. Gore had notwithstanding won the national popular vote, but since Florida was undecided, neither candidate had the 270 electoral votes necessary to win. Gore had 266 electoral votes, and Bush had 246. Whoever won Florida would win the presidency. Both campaigns sent teams of lawyers to the state. Gore attorneys investigated reports of irregularities that raised questions near the decorousness of the election. Many of the disputes revolved around secret, but legally critical, technical flaws in the voting process. In Palm margin County, there was a confusing two-page ?butterfly ballot? that had call down the left and right sides with punch holes in the middle. It resulted in about 19,00 0 people selecting much than one presidential candidate. It also gave ultraconservative presidential candidate Patrick Buchanan several thousand votes in an area that is generally liberal and likely to vote Democratic. In other areas throughout Florida. Democratic lawyers believed that re-counting those ballots by hand effectualness fork out which candidate the voters intended to choose. They thought that it readiness show many voters who intended to choose Gore. The machine re-count lead Bush?s lead to 327 votes. On November 9, the Gore campaign asked election officials for hand re-counts in four counties; Broward, Miami-Dade, Palm Beach, and Volusia. The Bush campaign asked a federal court in Miami to be quiet the re-counts. The Bush team argued that manual re-counts were unfair because they used a infixed standard unlike the automated machine re-counts. State law required that counties declare official election results within heptad days of the election. The re-counts would not be finished by the deadline. In the end Bus! h had won the election to become the ordinal president of the United States, receiving 271 electoral votes to Gore?s 266. However, Gore won the national popular vote by more than 500,000 votes out of 105 million cast. During and after the 2000 election disagreement, some Americans argued that the Electoral College system should be abolished. They did not feel that it was fair that a presidential candidate could win the national popular vote and still lose the election. With the Electoral College small and midsize states switch a louder voice in selecting a President. The Electoral College enhances the might of minority interests, contributes to the political stability of the nation by wage increase a two-party system, and maintains a federal system of regimen and representation. BibliographyLeip , D. (2008). The Pros and Cons of the Electoral College System. Retrieved from http://www.uselectionatlas.org/INFORMATION/INFORMATION/electcollege_procon.phpWikipedia, . (2004). Elect ion. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ElectionPearson, E. (2007). Presidential Election of 2000, Electoral and Popular Vote Summary. Retrieved from http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0876793.htmlWikipedia, . (2009, January 9). Electoral College (United States). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electoral_College_(United_States)Nara, . (2009). U.S Electoral College. Retrieved from http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/electoral-college/faq.htmlRobert , L. (2009). The Electoral College System. Retrieved from http://usgovinfo.about.com/od/thepoliticalsystem/a/electcollege.htm If you want to get a full essay, take it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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